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First Assistant Camera

Film | High End TV | TV
Personality type:

The lowdown

  • Adjusting the camera lens or 'pulling focus' to follow the action on set
  • Managing and maintaining camera equipment and accessories
  • Following instructions from the Director or Director of Photography (DoP)

Is this role right for me?

To do this role, you will need to:

  • have excellent knowledge of cameras, lenses and all related equipment
  • keep up-to-date with new techniques and equipment
  • have expert knowledge of photo-chemical and digital film processing
  • have good eyesight
  • accurately judge distances
  • have agility and speed
  • pay precise attention to detail
  • be able to collaborate and work as part of a team
  • be diplomatic and sensitive when working with artists and crew
  • know about health and safety legislation and procedures

What does a First Assistant Camera do?

The role of the First Assistant Camera (1st Assistant Camera, 1st AC - and previously know as the Focus Puller) is one of the most skilled jobs on a film crew.

1st ACs are responsible for focusing and refocusing the camera lens as Actors move within the frame of each shot. They do not look though the lens to do this but 'pull focus' according to a set of complex marks placed on the set, floor, props, etc., during rehearsal.

As it is impossible to see whether the focus is sharp until the rushes (raw footage) are screened, 1st ACs rely on experience and instinct for each focal adjustment. Because re-shooting scenes is expensive and actors may be unable to recreate their best take, 1st ACs must be extremely reliable and good at their work and should be able to cope effectively in stressful situations.

1st ACs are also responsible for camera equipment such as lenses, filters and matt boxes and for assembling the camera and its accessories for different shots.

They arrive on set or in the studio before the Director, Director of Photography and Camera Operator and ensure that the camera and all required lenses are prepared for the day's shoot. If the Director or DoP wants to try out a specific lens, the 1st AC assembles the camera so that they can look through the eyepiece to assess the shot.

At the end of each shooting day, 1st ACs clean the equipment and pack it up in preparation for the next day. If there is a problem with the rushes (such as a scratch on the film), they liaise with the film lab to put right any faults with the camera or stock.

1st ACs are usually asked for by the Director of Photography or the Camera Operator and work on a freelance basis. Hours are long and the work can be physically demanding.

Will I need a qualification?

Although hands-on experience provides the most important training for 1st ACs, you can take one of the numerous short courses providing the basic skills for digital, 16mm and 35mm Camera Assistants. You could also train in stills photography which provides a good, all-round understanding of composition and light.

What's the best route in?

You will need to serve an apprenticeship to gain hands-on experience. You can expect to start out as a Camera Trainee before progressing to become a 2nd then 1st AC.

You could also work at a junior level in a film lab or camera equipment facilities house. However, since the core of the job is learning how to gauge focal length to such a degree that it becomes second nature, being around working cameras and learning how to use them is crucial.

Where might this role take me?

You could go on to become Director of Photography, however, some of the best 1st ACs see this role as an end in itself and make a good living.

Interested? Find out more...


  • The National Film and Television School offers MA degrees, Diplomas, short courses and certificate courses. The school has Creative Skillset Film Academy status, meaning we have invested in NFTS courses to ensure it remains a world-class institution, as evidenced by its continued success.



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